Development of Livelihoods Restoration Plan for the Dualling of Mombasa – Mariakani (A109) Road Project

Name of Client:

Kenya National Highways Authority (KeNHA)

Project Location:

Mombasa & Mariakani – Kenya

Contract Period:

January 2019 – May 2019

Objective of Study

This Livelihood Restoration Plan (LRP), prepared for KeNHA  details the measures put in place to compensate and support the livelihoods of the persons affected by the development of the Mariakani – Mombasa dual carriageway . The Project is committed to meeting international best practice and to reestablishing the livelihoods of the affected persons to an equal or greater level, as compared to before Project activities



To avoid involuntary resettlement or, when unavoidable, minimize involuntary resettlement, including by:
+  Avoiding forced eviction.
+  Project design to avoid physical displacement through location of the Project site on uninhabited land.
+  To mitigate unavoidable adverse social and economic impacts from land acquisition or restrictions on land use, including by:
+  Providing timely compensation for loss of assets at replacement value (with no deduction for depreciation).
+   Assisting displaced persons in their efforts to improve, or at least restore, their livelihoods and living standards, in real terms, to pre-displacement levels or to levels prevailing prior to the beginning of Project implementation, whichever is higher.


To quantify impacts on those displaced and establish appropriate mitigation in alignment with international best practice.


To compensate economically displaced persons and communities equitably and transparently.


To offer transitional support to affected persons in the estimated time required for them to recover from their losses and restore their livelihoods.


To provide special assistance for the vulnerable and poor who are affected by the Project


To ensure that LRP activities are planned and implemented with appropriate disclosure of information, meaningful consultation, and the informed participation of those affected.

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